Locator for Nearby A0V and G2V Stars
This form can be used to locate A0V and/or G2V stars near (i.e., within a specified
difference in airmass and angular separation from) a target object.
Given the coordinates of the target object, the routine calculates the
airmass (X) of the target, as well as: the airmass (X) and absolute airmass
difference (dX), angular separation (Angle in Degrees), and Hour Angle (HA)
of all A0V stars satisfying the following constraints:
The A0V stars satisfying these constraints are then ordered by the absolute value of the airmass difference (dX).
- between the observable dec limits of the telescope;
- between HA of -5 h and +5 h;
- within the specified difference limits in airmass and angular separation from the target object;
- brighter than the specified limiting V magnitude.
- The A0V stars are taken from the SIMBAD database and the stellar
properties listed in this database (object type - otyp, B mag, V mag, and
spectral type) are also printed as output. (The description of the type codes
listed in the otyp column can be found at the following URL:
- AVOID USING THE FOLLOWING TYPES OF STARS for either the
telluric correction (due to uncertain spectral types) or photometric
calibration (due to uncertain magnitudes):
- A0V stars associated with nebulosity (designated as "A0Vn" or "A0Vnn" in the sp. type column);
- Double or binary stars (designated as "**" or "SB" in the otyp column);
- Emission line stars (designated as "Em*" in the otyp column);
- Variable stars (designated as "V*" in the otyp column);
- Any stars without accurate B and V magnitude values;
- GSC stars without B magnitudes.
In general, in order to minimize the airmass difference between the
Target Object and the telluric standard, stars with HA values LESS than that
of the Target Object should be observed AFTER the Target Object (as they have
larger RA values), while stars with HA values GREATER than that of the Target
Object should be observed BEFORE the Target Object. For example, if the
Target Object has HA = 0, then telluric standards with positive HA should
be observed first, while standards with negative HA should be observed after
the Target Object observations are finished.